Seed species: Homo sapiens
Phylogenomic pipeline: Database searches: For each protein a Smith-Waterman search was performed against the proteome database to retrieve a set of proteins with a significant similarity (E-value < 10-3). Only sequences that aligned with a continuous region longer than 50% of the query sequence were selected. At most 150 sequences were taken.
Multiple sequence alignment Sets of homologous protein sequences were aligned using MUSCLE 3.6. Positions in the alignment with gaps in more than 10% of the sequences were eliminated using trimAl before the phylogenetic analysis, unless this procedure removed more than one-third of the positions in the alignment. In such cases the percentage of sequences with gaps allowed was automatically increased until at least two-thirds of the initial positions were conserved..
Phylogenetic reconstructions: NJ trees were derived using scoredist distances as implemented in BioNJ. ML trees were derived from the alignments using PhyML_aLRT. For each protein family ML trees were reconstructed with four different evolutionary models (JTT, WAG, VT, Blosum62) In all cases a discrete gamma-distribution model with four rate categories plus invariant positions was used, the gamma parameter and the fraction of invariant positions were estimated from the data. The evolutionary model best fitting the data was determined by comparing the likelihood of the used models according to the AIC criterion.